Arthritis is a common condition that causes pain and inflammation in a joint. The two most common types of arthritis are:
1. osteoarthritis
2. rheumatoid arthritis.

Osteoarthritis most often develops in adults who are in their mid 40s or older. More common in women and those with a family history of the condition, it initially affects the smooth cartilage lining of the joints, making movement more difficult than usual, leading to pain and stiffness. The most commonly affected joints are in the hands, spine, knees and hips.

Rheumatoid arthritis often starts when a person is between 40 and 50 years old. Women are three times more likely to be affected than men. The body’s immune system targets affected joints which leads to pain and swelling and a change in the joint’s shape. This may cause the bone and cartilage to break down. People with rheumatoid arthritis can also develop problems with other tissues and organs in their body.

Early signs of arthritis

  • Joint pain, tenderness and stiffness
  • Inflammation in and around the joints
  • Restricted movement of the joints
  • Warm red skin over the affected joint
  • Weakness and muscle wasting

Reduce the risk of arthritis

  • Maintain a healthy weight
  • Control blood sugar
  • Exercise
  • Protect joints

There is no cure for arthritis, but there are many treatments that can slow it down.


Low impact exercises can improve joint health.

  • Walking
  • Swimming
  • Gardening
  • Strengthening exercises

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